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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 49

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 49

Chapter 30 – Of Church Censures
I. The Lord Jesus, as king and head of his Church, has therein appointed a government in the hand of Church officers, distinct from the civil magistrate.
II. To these officers the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respectively to retain and remit sins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require.
III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren; for deterring of others from like offenses; for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump; for vindicating the honour of Christ, and the holy profession of the gospel; and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the Church, if they should suffer his covenant, and the seals thereof, to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders.
IV. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the Church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper for a season, and by excommunication from the Church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person.


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Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 14

Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 14

Q & A 46
Q What was the estate of Christ’s humiliation?
A The estate of Christ’s humiliation was that low condition, wherein he for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death, until his resurrection.*1

Q & A 47
Q How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?
A Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God, in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her; with various circumstances of more than ordinary abasement.*2

Q & A 48
Q How did Christ humble himself in his life?
A Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law,3 which he perfectly fulfilled;4 and by conflicting with the indignities of the world,5 temptations of Satan,6 and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition.*7

Q & A 49
Q How did Christ humble himself in his death?
A Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas,8 forsaken by his disciples,9 scorned and rejected by the world,10 condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors;11 having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God’s wrath,12 he laid down his life an offering for sin,13 enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross.*14

Q & A 50
Q Wherein consisted Christ’s humiliation after his death?
A Christ’s humiliation after his death consisted in his being buried,15 and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day;16 which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.

*1 Philippians 2:6-8; Luke 1:31; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Acts 2:24.
*2 John 1:14, 18; Galatians 4:4; Luke 2:7.
*3 Galatians 4:4.
*4 Matthew 5:17; Romans 5:19.
*5 Psalm 22:6; Hebrews 12:2-3.
*6 Matthew 4:1-12; Luke 4:13.
*7 Hebrews 2:17-18; Hebrews 4:15; Isaiah 52:13-14.
*8 Matthew 27:4.
*9 Matthew 26:56.
*10 Isaiah 53:2-3.
*11 Matthew 27:26-50; John 19:34.
*12 Luke 22:44; Matthew 27:46.
*13 Isaiah 53:10.
*14 Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 12:2; Galatians 3:13.
*15 1 Corinthians 15:3-4.
*16 Psalm 16:10; Acts 2:24-27, 31; Romans 6:9; Matthew 12:40.


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Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 11

Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 11

Q & A 33
Q Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same manner?
A The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New.*1

Q & A 34
Q How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament?
A The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises,2 prophecies,3 sacrifices,4 circumcision,5 the passover,6 and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah,7 by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvation.*8

Q & A 35
Q How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?
A Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still is to be administered in the preaching of the Word,9 and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism10 and the Lord’s Supper;11 in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations.12

*1 2 Corinthians 3:6-9.
*2 Romans 15:8.
*3 Acts 3:20, 24.
*4 Hebrews 10:1.
*5 Romans 4:11.
*6 1 Corinthians 5:7.
*7 Hebrews chapters 8, 9, 10 (entire); Hebrews 11:13.
*8 Galatians 3:7-9, 14.
*9 Mark 16:15.
*10 Matthew 28:19-20.
*11 1 Corinthians 11:23-25.
*12 2 Corinthians 3:6-9; Hebrews 8:6, 10-11; Matthew 28:19.


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Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 6

Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 6

Q & A 15
Q What is the work of creation?
A The work of creation is that wherein God did in the beginning, by the word of his power, make of nothing the world, and all things therein, for himself, within the space of six days, and all very good.*1

Q & A 16
Q How did God create angels?
A God created all the angels2 spirits,3 immortal,4 holy,5 excelling in knowledge,6 mighty in power,7 to execute his commandments, and to praise his name,8 yet subject to change.9

Q & A 17
Q How did God create man?
A After God had made all other creatures, he created man male and female;10 formed the body of the man of the dust of the ground,11 and the woman of the rib of the man,12 endued them with living, reasonable, and immortal souls;13 made them after his own image,14 in knowledge,15 righteousness, and holiness;16 having the law of God written in their hearts,17 and power to fulfill it,18 and dominion over the creatures;19 yet subject to fall.*20

*1 Genesis 1 (entire). Hebrews 11:3; Proverbs 16:4.
*2 Colossians 1:16.
*3 Psalm 104:4.
*4 Matthew 22:30.
*5 Matthew 25:31.
*6 2 Samuel 14:17; Matthew 24:36.
*7 2 Thessalonians 1:7.
*8 Psalm 103:20-21.
*9 2 Peter 2:4.
*10 Genesis 1:27.
*11 Genesis 2:7.
*12 Genesis 2:22.
*13 Genesis 2:7; Job 35:11; Matthew 10:28; Luke 23:43.
*14 Genesis 1:27.
*15 Colossians 3:10.
*16 Ephesians 4:24.
*17 Romans 2:14-15.
*18 Ecclesiastes 7:29.
*19 Genesis 1:28.
*20 Genesis 3:6; Ecclesiastes 7:29.


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Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 3

Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 3

Q & A 6
Q What do the Scriptures make known of God?
A The Scriptures make known what God is,1 the persons in the Godhead,2 his decrees,3 and the execution of his decrees.4

Q & A 7
Q What is God?
A God is a Spirit,5 in and of himself infinite in being,6 glory,7 blessedness,8 and perfection;9 all-sufficient,10 eternal,11 unchangeable,12 incomprehensible,13 every where present,14 almighty,15 knowing all things,16 most wise,17 most holy,18 most just,19 most merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.20

*1 Hebrews 11:6.
*2 1 John 5:7.
*3 Acts 15:14-15, 18.
*4 Acts 4:27-28.
*5 John 4:24.
*6 Exodus 3:14; Job 11:7-9.
*7 Acts 7:2.
*8 1 Timothy 6:15.
*9 Matthew 5:48.
*10 Genesis 17:1.
*11 Psalm 90:2.
*12 Malachi 3:6.
*13 1 Kings 8:27.
*14 Psalm 139:1-13.
*15 Revelation 4:8.
*16 Hebrews 4:13.
*17 Romans 16:27.
*18 Isaiah 6:3; Revelation 15:4.
*19 Deuteronomy 32:4.
*20 Exodus 34:6.


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Westminster Shorter Catechism – Lord’s Day 38

Westminster Shorter Catechism – Lord’s Day 38

Q & A 85
Q What does God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse, due to us for sin?
A To escape the wrath and curse of God, due to us for sin, God requires of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life,1 with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption.2

Q & A 86
Q What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace,3 whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel.4

Q & A 87
Q What is repentance unto life?
A Repentance unto life is a saving grace,5 whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ,6 does, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God,7 with full purpose of, and endeavor after, new obedience.8

Q & A 88
Q What are the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption?
A The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption are, his ordinances, especially the Word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.*9

*1 Mark 1:15; Acts 20:21.
*2 Acts 2:38; 1 Corinthians 11:24-25; Colossians 3:16.
*3 Ephesians 2:8-9; Cf. Romans 4:16.
*4 John 20:30-31; Galatians 2:15-16; Philippians 3:3-11.
*5 Acts 11:18; 2 Timothy 2:25.
*6 Psalm 51:1-4; Joel 2:13; Acts 2:37.
*7 Jeremiah 31:18-19; Luke 1:16-17; 1 Thessalonians 1:9.
*8 2 Chronicles 7:14; Psalm 119:57-64; Matthew 3:8.
*9 Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 2:41-42.


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Westminster Shorter Catechism – Lord’s Day 25

Westminster Shorter Catechism – Lord’s Day 25

Q & A 42
Q What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A The sum of the ten commandments is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves.*1

Matthew 22:37-40.