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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 32

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 32

Chapter 19 – Of the Law of God (Cont.) (Paragraphs 6-7)

VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin, and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law. The promises of it, in like manner, show them God’s approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof; although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works: so as a man’s doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourages to the one, and deters from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace.
VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it: the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requires to be done.



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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 31

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 31

Chapter 19 – Of the Law of God (Cont.) (Paragraphs 3-5)

III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a Church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly holding forth various instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the New Testament.
IV. To them also, as a body politic, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any other, now, further than the general equity thereof may require.
V. The moral law does forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator who gave it. Neither does Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen, this obligation.


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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 30

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 30

Chapter 19 – Of the Law of God (Paragraphs 1-2)
I. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience; promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it.
II. This law, after his Fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables; the first four commandments containing our duty toward God, and the other six our duty to man.


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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 13

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 13

Chapter 8 – Of Christ the Mediator
(Paragraphs 1-2)
I. It pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and men, the prophet, priest, and king; the head and Saviour of the Church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world; unto whom he did, from all eternity, give a people to be his seed, and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.
II. The Son of God, the second Person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance, and equal with the Father, did, when the fullness of time was come, take upon him man’s nature, with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof; yet without sin: being conceived by he power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance. So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion. Which person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man.


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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 12

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 12

Chapter 7 – Of God’s Covenant with Man (Cont.) (Paragraphs 4-6)
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the Scripture by the name of a testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ, the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed.
V. This covenant was differently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come, which were for that time sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, by whom they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation, and is called the Old Testament.
VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed, are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper; which, though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth in more fullness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy, to all nations, both Jews and Gentiles; and is called the New Testament. There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.


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Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 11

Westminster Confession Of Faith – Lord’s Day 11

Chapter 7 – Of God’s Covenant with Man (Paragraphs 1-3)
I. The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him, as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God’s part, which he has been pleased to express by way of covenant.
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.
III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second, commonly called the covenant of grace: wherein he freely offered unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved, and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life, his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.


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Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 11

Westminster Larger Catechism – Lord’s Day 11

Q & A 33
Q Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same manner?
A The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New.*1

Q & A 34
Q How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament?
A The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises,2 prophecies,3 sacrifices,4 circumcision,5 the passover,6 and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah,7 by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvation.*8

Q & A 35
Q How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?
A Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still is to be administered in the preaching of the Word,9 and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism10 and the Lord’s Supper;11 in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations.12

*1 2 Corinthians 3:6-9.
*2 Romans 15:8.
*3 Acts 3:20, 24.
*4 Hebrews 10:1.
*5 Romans 4:11.
*6 1 Corinthians 5:7.
*7 Hebrews chapters 8, 9, 10 (entire); Hebrews 11:13.
*8 Galatians 3:7-9, 14.
*9 Mark 16:15.
*10 Matthew 28:19-20.
*11 1 Corinthians 11:23-25.
*12 2 Corinthians 3:6-9; Hebrews 8:6, 10-11; Matthew 28:19.