Westminster Shorter Catechism – Lord’s Day 40
Q & A 91
Q How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?
A The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that does administer them; but only by the blessing of Christ, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them.*1
Q & A 92
Q What is a sacrament?
A A sacrament is a holy ordinance instituted by Christ;2 wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers.3
Q & A 93
Q Which are the sacraments of the New Testament?
A The sacraments of the New Testament are, baptism,4 and the Lord’s Supper.5
*1 1 Corinthians 3:7; 1 Corinthians 1:12-17
*2 Matthew 28:19; Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:19-20; 1 Corinthians 1:22-26.
*3 Galatians 3:27; 1 Corinthians 10:16-17.
*4 Matthew 28:19.
*5 1 Corinthians 11:23-26